Gastritis is the combination of two words, gastric and itis. Here, gastrium or gastric means the stomach and itis refer to the inflammation. Meaning to say, gastritis is the inflammation of stomach. More specifically, gastritis is nothing but the inflammation of the mucus lining of the stomach.
Stomach is the first main digestive organ of the digestive track. It is the first hollow organ (esophagus is the pipe and not hollow organ as big as stomach) where the food is brought. Stomach mixes certain secretions with the food and churns it. The chyme is then moved forward. Any irritation present in the stomach will make its lining inflamed producing the condition called as gastritis. Gas and diarrhea may join gastritis depending upon the cause.
Gastritis is the common symptom and everyone has experienced this situation at one point or another in his or her lives. Many causes can give rise to gastritis such as bacteria, virus, fungus etc. Some of the medications such as anti-inflammatory drug may produce gastritis as their side effects. Cigarette smoking, alcohol, spicy food, chilies can also cause gastritis. Latest researches show that stress can also produce acidity and if it remains untreated, excessive secretion of acid may harm the lining of the stomach, producing gastritis.
The symptoms for gastritis include left side pain just below the ribs. The pain is burning type of pain and often there will be backward movement of the stomach secretion. If the gastritis is severe, a person may have nausea or vomiting. The pain worsens if someone takes spicy, oily, or sour tasted food. The irritation produces churning pain in the stomach.
When a case is present against the doctor, doctor generally take a complete medical history first and prescribe something called proton pump inhibitor. This medication will check out the excessive secretion in the stomach and will cease the acid secretion in abandon quantity. The doctor may advise bland diet that is low in fat and acid. For the better diagnose, the gastroscopy may be advised. There is no such blood test that can reveal the disease as a surefire diagnostic tool.
The gastritis is to be treated as early as possible. If it remains untreated, the disease may turn into major complications such as ulcers. However, in gastritis, the doctor may test for the presence of H.pylori and other Helicobacter species. In rare cases, the antibiotic is required but antacids and proton pump inhibitor are to be continued to sooth the stomach’s lining.
Gastritis can rarely be fatal, but it can surely mask other major diseases like acute coronary syndrome or aortic aneurysm rupture. Therefore, a person suffering from any stomach pain should always see a doctor when gastritis symptoms do not abate.
In Ayurveda, the condition is referred to ‘aamashayashotha’ where aamashaya is stomach and shotha refers to the inflammatory conditions. This is alleviated due to Pitta Dosha in the body and therefore, any Pitta aggravator food will worsen the case of gastritis. The Ayurvedic medicines that calm down the Pitta Dosha in the body work for gastritis as well. Some of the good medicines in Ayurveda include guduchi satva, shatavari, aamlaki and simple milk (dugdha).