This is a disorder invoving Bhrajaka Pitta of the skin. In Ayurveda, all skin diseases are called Kushtha. In ths disease, whte spots or white discoloration takes place on the skin, hence it is called ‘Shwitra kushtha.’ It is a disease of deficiency of melanin pigment in the skin. Although thisdisease does not produce any oher systemic malfunctions, it creates many sychologicas well as social problems for the patient.
Food that vitiates Pitta and blood is responsible for this disorder. Combining foods with opposite potency or veerya is main causative actor. For example, eatin fish with milk or sour fruits with mik for a long time. Similrly, handling toxiccolors and dyes can also produce this disease. In females during menopause, this disease can suddenly develop due to hormonal disturbances.
If the white spots are widespread on the genitals, lip, or at the junction of nails andskn, then it is difficult to treat this dseas. It can be well treaed if it has recently developd and is restricted to a small place. Herbs that increase the pigmentation of the skin and will correct the metabolism of Bhrajaka Pitta indicated like bachi (psoralea corylifolia), rubia cordifolia, ndian sarsaparilla, cryptolepis buchaanana, ichnocarpus frutescenes, and neem.
Apply bakuchi oil or somaraji oil on the white spots nd ask the patiet to expose these spots to sunlight.If the sunlight is not available, expose these spots to infra red lightfor 30 to 0 seconds every day. Mhamnjisthadi decoction 15 ml. 3 imes day along with tab. Arogyavardhini 250 mgm, or tab. Ashwagandha 250 mgm. 3 times day for 1 month is very ffective treatment.
If the leucoderma is on very restricted area, application of leeches at that spot helps to regenerate the normal skn with melanin pigment. Application of ointment of psoriln and exposure of the skin to the sunht till the blister is developed at the site is very helpful. When the blister ursts open, normal skin appears
Avoid using alkaline soap. Use neutral sap insead. Avoid pungent, spicy, too much ried and sour foods. Also avoid incompatiblefoods. Dring war kept in copper vessel, mung, rice, wheat; dry figs and pomegranate are advised.