This is a Pitta disease affecting parotid glands below the ear. Also known as “Pashanagardabha” in Ayurveda.
This can be due to viral infection from upper respiratory tract affecting salivar glands below the ear. Usually small children are affected.
The onset of the disease is with moderate fever, sore throat, and a puckering feeling at angle of jaw. Swelling at that site then attracts attention and then there may be high fever with rigor or convulsion. Although in many cases only one parotid gland is affected, both glands may get affected. Orchitis and epididymitis are common complication. When this takes place, fever rises suddenly, and there may be sever pain in the scrotum, Oophoritis is less common. Similarly meningitis and acute pancreatitis may be the complication. Sterility follows aftr either orchitis or oophritis.
Anti-Pitta diet is advised. When only one gland is affected and fever is not high, tab. Guduchi 500 mgm, twice a day for 15 days is sufficient. If necessary it should be given with tab. Tribhuvan kirti 250 mgm. 3 times day also. Apply dashanga paste or paste of mixture of raw jaggery and natural calcium on the gland. This is very effective in reducing the edema and inflammation of the glands.
If both glands are affected with high fever, then 50 milligrams chaturbhja rasa with 50 milligrams rasasindura should be given. Western herbs like bayberry, dandelion, and gention can be given.